Taxes and payrolls: diving into the peculiarities of the Polish labour market

Taxes and payrolls: diving into the peculiarities of the Polish labour market

Each labor market has some peculiarities. Foreigners may find it difficult to fully comprehend payment methods, taxes, and other benefits. TalentUp is starting a series of different blog articles, one for each country. This article analyzes the Polish labor market.

Even if the national currency is the Polish Złoty (PLN), the whole article is in EUR to compare easily across countries and exchange rates.

General data about the Polish labour market

Minimum wage828,76€
Payment basisPaid monthly.
PaymentThe 10th day of the following month at the latest.
Maximum working hours a week40h
Maximum working hours a day8h
Maximum overtime hours a week8h
Maximum overtime hours a year150h
Working hours compensationEither:
– compensated at 150%.
– compensated at 200% for work performed at night or on holidays (including Sundays).
– equally rest hours.
Polish minimum wage and maximum working hours disclosure. Data for March 2022. Source:

Social Security contributions in Poland

Payroll contributionsEmployer %Employee %Total %
Accident0.67 to 3.3301.67
Health insurance099
Labor fund2.4502.45
Guarantee Employee Benefits Fund0.100.1
TOTAL19.48 to 22.1422.7133.43
Share of contingencies applied to the gross salary in Poland. Data source:

Once contributions are paid, employees need to pay an income tax that varies depending on their gross salaries.

Taxable IncomeIncome tax
Up to 6,892.82€0%
From 6,892.82 to 27,707.56€12% 
Over 27,707.56€32% 
Income tax in Poland. Data source:

DG contracts

DG contract workers cooperated with businesses without being employed by them.  DG contracts have some differences with contracts of employment:

  1. They are not entitled to leave pay in case of illness.
  2. They are less retired.
  3. They are not subject to the Labor Code, they are just covered by the contract.

DG contracts earn higher salaries each month but have less of other benefits.

In other countries, the DG countries are the ones related to self-employees; but in this country, it is a more extended practice. The tax rate for all self-employed people in Poland is flat and it is 19%.

These contracts pay different contingencies:

Payroll contributionsEmployee
Total before taxes 
Personal income tax (PIT)19%
Share of contingencies applied to the gross salary in Poland for DG contracts. Data source:

Example of net salary in Poland

As a reference, we use the average salary of a software engineer. In Poland, on average, software engineers earn annually 40,000€. We will see the process from gross to net salaries both is the software engineer has an employment contract or a DG contract.

Employer Employee Employee  
Gross salary (annually)40000Gross salary (annually)40000
Gross salary (monthly)3333.333Gross salary (monthly)3333.333
Accident0.67 to 3.3322.33 to 11100
Health insurance009300
Labor fund2.4581.6666700
Guarantee Employee Benefits Fund0.13.33333300
TOTAL (monthly)19.48 to 22.14649.33 to 73822.71757TOTAL (monthly)131.82
TOTAL (annualy) 7,791.96 to 8,856 9084TOTAL (annualy)1581.84
Income tax 122497.77Personal income tax (PIT)197299.45
NET SALARY (annually)27,391.53NET SALARY (annually)31118.71
Gross salary (annually)40000
Gross salary (monthly)3333.333
TOTAL (monthly)131.82
TOTAL (annually)1581.84
Personal income tax (PIT)197299.45
NET SALARY (annually)31118.71
From gross to net salary of a software engineer in Poland.

In employment contracts, the employer contributes 7,791.96 to 8,856€ to social security and the employee 9,084€. In DG contracts, the employee contributes 1,581.84 to social security.

After paying the income tax, the employee has a net salary of 27,391.53€ in employment contracts and of 31,118.71€ in DG contracts, coming from a gross salary of 40,000€.

Papaya Global has the possibility to calculate automatically the net salary from the gross salary for any country and currency.

Unemployment regulation in Poland

There exists a probation period but it lasts no longer than 3 months.

Employment can be terminated by:

  • Mutual agreement
  • A ‘statement of will’ of one of the parties with a period of notice 
  • Expiry of the contract term.
During probation period
Notice PeriodIf the probationary period is up to…
3 working days2 weeks
1 week3 months
For temporary or permanent employment
Notice PeriodIf the employee was employed for up to…
2 weeks6 months
1 month3 years
3 monthsmore than 3 years
Probation period in Poland. Data source:

Severance payment is given by employers who have at least 20 employees, and the dismissal of the employee is the fault of the employer.

Severance PayIf the employee was employed for up to…
1 month2 years
2 months8 years
3 monthsmore than 8 years
Unemployment severance pay from years worked in Poland. Data source:

Different kinds of leaves in Poland

In Poland, there are 13 public holidays.

Employees are entitled to 20 days of paid leave a year if they have been employed for

less than 10 years and 26 days if they have been employed for 10 years or more.

Sick leave is paid at 80% of the allowance basis. However, it is paid at 100% of the allowance if the illness occurs during pregnancy or if it was caused by an accident on the way to or from work.

  • For employees 50 years of age or less: up to 33 days in a calendar year paid by the employer. From the 34th day onward, sick leave is paid by the Social Security Office (ZUS).
  • For employees 50 years of age or above: up to 14 days in a calendar year paid by the employer. From the 15th day onward, sick leave is paid by the ZUS.

Sick leave caused by an accident at work or due to the employee’s sick child or another sick relative is financed from the beginning by ZUS.

Other leaves include:

  • Child-leave from 16 hours to 2 days to take care of a child that is 14 years old or less.
  • 2-days leave for weddings, the employee’s child’s birth, and the death of a spouse, child, or parent.
  • 1-day leave for the employee’s child’s wedding, or death of a sister, brother, or in-law.

Mothers are entitled to 20 weeks of maternity leave, which can take up to 6 weeks prior to giving birth. This leave does not depend on the length of service with the current employer.

Fathers are granted 2 weeks’ leave which can be used in its entirety or divided into two parts (7 days each). Paternity leave can be used until the child reaches the age of two. 100% is paid by the ZUS.

In addition, parents are entitled to 32 weeks of parental leave that can be granted to any of the parents. The leaves are at a rate of 100% for the first 26 weeks and a 60% rate for the remaining weeks paid by the Social Security Institution (ZUS). 

Employees that use both maternity leave and parental leave will receive an 80% allowance for the entire leave.

Parents are entitled to 36 months of unpaid leave until the child reaches the age of 6.

Expected benefits offered by Polish companies

Benefit% of companies with this benefit
Health insurance24.6
Casual dress code20.5
Professional development11.7
Flat hierarchy11.6
Mobile phone6.1
Top 5 benefits offered in Polish companies. Datasource: TalentUp’s database.

How to employ a Polish worker

There are two different types of contracts for when there is no company or branch of the employer established in Poland. In either case, the retirement and health insurance are withheld.

  • Commission Contract → Under this contract, your social security and health insurance are not paid on your behalf.
  • Contract of Mandate → This contract stipulates one obligation and the rules associated with the obligation. 

You are required to pay taxes if you are a Polish tax resident (you live in Poland or stay in Poland for more than 183 days).

Some platforms (Papaya Global among them) offer the Employer of Record (EoR) service helping companies hire countries where they do not have any office.

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About Author

Èlia Adroher i Llorens

Content Writer. Èlia studied International Business Economics with a focus on digital marketing. She is also interested in learning about data analysis.